Consumption of stainless steel in South Africa has increased by 29% to 192 647 t in 2006. The rise in domestic consumption is due to a rise in demand for steel from the transport industry (namely, the automotive industry), engineering industry, and, the building and construction industries. In 2006, the country’s transport industry accounted for 42% of domestic steel consumption, engineering industry accounted for 18%, metal goods for 17%, tube and piping for 8%, and, building and construction accounted for 4%.
The country’s iron, steel and ferroalloy industries have recently been required to adhere to a national environmental compliance campaign implemented by the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism. The iron, steel and ferroalloy industries are considered to be significant contributors of pollution if left unmanageable, therefore, the campaign, known as Operation Ferro, has been designed to curtail pollution by making sure that companies operating in these industries adhere to environmental legislation.
Saldanha Steel is the world’s only integrated mini steel mill and it is situated on South Africa’s West Coast region.